Challenging Authority

Several times in today’s Bible reading* we see challenges to authority. And challenging authority was not a good thing! Anyone who’s had children knows that children will at some point challenge authority. They will test boundaries. We see it in nature, too as young lions challenge the dominant male. These are natural challenges. It’s part…

What is the Ultimate Prize?

Ask a musician, “What is the ultimate prize?” You’ll probably hear a double-platinum album. Ask an actor, “What is the ultimate prize?” You may hear, “An Oscar” or “A Tony”. Ask an athlete, “What is the ultimate prize?” You may hear, “An Olympic Gold Medal.” Now, ask a Christian, “What is the Ultimate Prize?” Today’s…

God Gives the Ten Commandments for Our Protection

Just before God gave Moses the Ten Commandments in today’s Bible reading, He warned the people not to come onto the mountain, Mount Sinai, where God’s presence was veiled with smoke. God told Moses to put a boundary around the mountain to keep the people and animals from accidentally setting foot on the mountain. Put…

When is an Army Not an Army?

I saw something in today’s Bible reading that I’ve never seen before in all of the times I’ve read these chapters. God tells Moses to bring out the Hebrews “according to their military divisions”[1] in Exodus 6:26, 7:4, 12:17, 41, 51. I’ve never seen that terminology before. Why? Well, it comes down to Bible translations….

Who Hardened Pharoah’s Heart?

Today’s Bible reading tells us that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart. (Exodus 7:3 and Exodus 4:21 from yesterday’s reading as well as future readings of Exodus 10:1-2, 20, 27, 11:10, 14:4) But in Exodus 8:15, 32, we’re told that Pharaoh hardened his own heart. Several times, we’re told that Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, though we don’t…